A number of armed groups have involved themselves in the ongoing Syrian Civil War.

 Syrian Arab Republic
and allies
  Syrian government forces

·          Syrian Armed Forces

·          Syrian Arab Army

·          Republican Guard

·         Lionesses of Defense Armored Battalion

·         100th Artillery Regiment

·         101st Infantry “Security” Regiment

·         102nd Infantry “Security” Regiment

·         103rd Brigade (Commandos)

·          Syrian Marines

·         104th Airborne Regiment

·         105th Mechanized Brigade

·         106th Mechanized Brigade

·         124th Special Forces Brigade

·         800th Regiment

·         30th Division

·          4th Armoured Division

·          Special Forces Command

·          Tiger Forces

·          Suqur al-Sahara

·          14th Special Forces Division

·          15th Special Forces Division

·         1st Corps

·         2nd Corps

·         3rd Corps

·         4th Corps

·         5th Corps

·         17th Division

·         18th Armoured Division

·          Syrian Arab Air Force

·          Syrian Arab Navy

·          National Defence Forces

·         Golan Regiment

·         Military Intelligence Directorate

·         Military Security Shield Forces

· Air Force Intelligence Directorate

·  Guardians of the Dawn

Allied armed groups:

·  Ba’ath Brigades

·          as-Sa’iqa

·          Syrian Social Nationalist Party

·          Amal Movement

·  Arab Nationalist Guard

·          Syrian Resistance

·         National Ideological Resistance

·         Hawks Regiment

·          Jaysh al-Muwahhideen

·          Forces of Abu Ibrahim

·          Liwa al-Jabal

·          Sootoro

·         Jaysh al-Sha’bi

·  PFLP–GC

·          Liwa al-Quds

·          Quwat al-Jalil

·          Fatah al-Intifada

·  Palestine Liberation Army

·  Liwa Abu al-Fadhal al-Abbas

·  Liwa Assad Allah al-Ghalib fi al-Iraq wa al-Sham

· Liwa Fatemiyoun

· Liwa Zainebiyoun

·  Fulfilled Legion

·  Popular Mobilization Forces

·  Kataib Sayyid al-Shuhada

· Badr Organization

· Asa’ib Ahl al-Haq

·  Kata’ib Hezbollah

· Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba

· Peace Companies

· Houthis (2013)

· Quwat al-Ridha

· Jaysh al-Wafaa

· Liwa Dhu al-Fiqar

· Dareh al-Sahel

·         Dareh al-Areen

·         al-Hosn

·         Saraya al-Mukhtar

·         Dareh al-Watan

·         al-Berri clan

·         Tayy tribe militias

·         Al-Baggara tribe militias

·         al-Jihesh tribe militias

·         al-Shaitat tribe militias

·         Syrian National Resistance

·         Kafr Saghir Martyrs Brigade

·          Far right volunteers (2013)

·   Slavonic Corps (2013)

·  Iranian Armed Forces

·  Revolutionary Guards

·  Quds Force

·  Basij

·  Saberin Unit

· Army

· 65th Airborne Special Forces Brigade

 Russia

·  Russian Armed Forces

·  Russian Air Force

·  Russian Navy

·  Special Operations Forces

·   Spetsnaz GRU

·   431st Naval Reconnaissance Spetsnaz Point

·  Military Police

Armament support:

· Russia

·  Iran

· North Korea

· Iraq

·  Egypt

· Belarus

· China

 

 

 

Syrian opposition, al-Qaeda affiliates and allies
 Free Syrian Army affiliated rebel groups

·          Southern Front

·         al-Rahman Legion

·          Syrian Turkmen Brigades

·          Sultan Murad Division

·          Levant Front (Northern Aleppo Governorate branch)

·         Fastaqim Union (Northern Aleppo Governorate branch)

· Al-Majid Brigade

· Free Idlib Army

· 13th Division

· Mountain Hawks Brigade

·          Northern Division

·          Jaysh al-Nasr[86]

·          Elite Army

·          21st Combined Force

·          al-Moutasem Brigade

·          Hamza Division

·         Northern Hawks Brigade

·          1st Division of Aleppo[91]

·         Victory Brigades

·          1st Coastal Division

·          Liberation Brigade faction[92]

·         New Syrian Army (2015-2016)

·         Ghosts of the Desert[93]

·          Liwa Ahfad Saladin

·         Revolutionary Commando Army

·         Army of Free Tribes

·         Central Division

·         Alotfecat Brigades

·         93rd Regiment

·         Abna al-Sharqiya Union

·         Firqat al Amiyn al Uwlaa Halab

·         Martyr Badr Yasturun Brigade

·         Army of Conquerors in the Land of the Levant

·         Kurdish Revolutionary Battalion

· Soldiers of al-Hasakah

·  Revolutionaries of Syrian Jazeera

·         Qadisiya Brigade

·         Brigade 93

·         Al-Habib al-Mustafa Brigade

·         Antiquities Brigade

·         Secret Tasks Brigade

·         Deterring the Oppressors Brigades

·         Homs Liberation Movement

·         Southern Army

·         Southern Brigades

·         1st Regiment

Non-FSA-affiliated rebel groups

·          Sham Legion (Idlib branch)

·          Jaish al-Izzah

·          Ahrar al-Sham

· Jaysh al-Islam (Southern Syria branch)

· Sham Legion (Northern Aleppo Governorate branch)

·         Jaysh al-Sunna (Northern Aleppo Governorate branch)

·          Jabhat Ansar al-Islam

·         Ajnad al-Sham Islamic Union[126]

·         Martyrs of Islam Brigade

·         Authenticity and Development Front

·         Criterion Brigades

·         Ajnad al-Sham

·          Ahrar al-Sharqiya

·         Al-Safwa Islamic Battalions

· Abina al-Sham

 

 

Allied armed groups:

·          Grey Wolves

·          Muslim Brotherhood

·          Muslim Brotherhood of Syria[141]

·         Shields of the Revolution Council (until 2014)

·          Hamas (2012-13)

·         Aknaf Bait al-Maqdis (until 2015)

·          Free Iraqi Army (2012)

·  People’s Mujahedin of Iran(2013)

Joint operations rooms:

·          Army of Conquest (until 21 January 2017)

·          Fatah Halab (until 21 January 2017)

·         Hawar Kilis Operations Room

·         Northern Homs Countryside Operations Room

·         North Hama Countryside Operations Room

·         Jaish al-Fustat

·         Damascus Operations Room

Armament support:

·          Qatar

·          Saudi Arabia

·          Turkey

·          United States

·          France

·          Libya (until 2014)

CJTF-OIR (against ISIL)

·          United States

·          US Air Force

·          United States Special Operations Command

Turkey (against ISIL and SDF)

·          Turkish Army

·          Turkish Air Force

·         Turkish Special Forces

Al-Qaeda affiliates

·         Tahrir al-Sham

·          Jund al-Aqsa

·         Ajnad al-Kavkaz

·         Junud al-Makhdi

·         Malhama Tactical

·          Caucasus Emirate

·          Turkistan Islamic Party

·          Ansar al-Islam splinter faction

·         Karm al-Jabal Martyrs Battalion

·          Ghuraba al-Sham (2013)

·          Fatah al-Islam (2012)

·         Muhajirin wa-Ansar Alliance (until 2015)

·          Liwaa al-Umma (until 2015)

·         Junud al-Sham (until 2016)

·          Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan[185] (2013)

Alleged support:

· Qatar

· Saudi Arabia

 

 Syrian Democratic Council
 Democratic Federal System of Northern Syria and allies
 Syrian Democratic Forces

·  People’s Protection Units (YPG)

·         Anti Terror Units (YAT)

·         Al-Baggara tribe militias

·         Women’s Protection Units (YPJ)

·         Shammer tribe militias

·          Al-Sanadid Forces

·          Elite Forces

·          Army of Revolutionaries

·         Northern Sun Battalion

·          Manbij Turkmen Brigade

·         Euphrates Brigades

·         Jund al-Haramayn Brigade

·         Dam Martyrs Brigade

·         Euphrates Martyrs Battalion

·         Al-Qousi Brigade

·         Martyr Kaseem al-Areef Battalion

·         Division 30 remnants

·         Jabhat al-Akrad

·         Martyr Jiyan Ahras Battalion (Shabha Women Protection Front)

·          Seljuq Brigade

·         Tel Rifaat Rebel Battalion

·         Special Forces Brigade

·         1st Homs Commandos Brigade

·         99th Infantry Brigade

·         Quwat al-Ashair (Tribal Forces)

·         Northern Democratic Brigade

·          Jabhat Thuwwar al-Raqqa

·         Katibat Harayir Raqqa

·         Raqqa Hawks Brigade

·         Raqqa Martyrs Brigade

·         Liwa Owais al-Qorani remnants

·         Liwa Suqur ar-Raqqa

·         Shoheda Hamam Turkman Brigade

·         Free Officers Union

·         Shahba Brigade

·         Liberation Brigade faction

·         Liwa Ahrar al-Raqqa

·         Ahrar al-Tabqa Brigade

·         Umanaa al-Raqqa Brigade

·         Harun al-Rashid Brigade

·         Tall Abyad Revolutionaries

·         Manbij Revolutionary Brigades

·         Euphrates Liberation Brigade

·         Manbij Hawks Brigade

·         Euphrates Jarabulus Brigades

·         Free Jarabulus Brigades

·         Jarabulus Hawks Brigades

·         Jarabulus Brigade

·         Al-Qassas Army

·          Al-Bab Military Council Female Battalion[216]

·         Al-Bab Revolutionary Front

·         Qebasîn Martyrs Brigade

·         Al-Bab Countryside Martyrs Battalion

·         Free Arima Battalion

·         Martyr Silo al-Rai Brigade

·         Kieba Martyrs Brigade

·         Brigade Groups of al-Jazeera

·         al-Shaitat tribe militias

·         Syriac Military Council (MFS)

·         Bethnahrin Women Protection Forces

·         Liwa Siqur el-Badiye

·         Harabiyya tribe militias

·         Zubayd tribe militias

Police forces

·         Asayish

·         SWAT Units (HAT)

·          Sutoro

Civilian defence units

·         Self-Defense Forces (HXP)

·         Special Forces

·          Civilian Defense Force (HPC)

Allied armed groups:

·          Kurdistan Workers’ Party

·          People’s Defence Forces

·          Free Women’s Units

·          International Freedom Battalion

·          MLKP

·          TKP/ML TİKKO

·          United Freedom Forces

·         Revolutionary Communard Party

·          MLSPB-DC

·         Türkiye Devrim Partisi

·          Sosyal İsyan[236][237]

·         Proleteryanın Devrimci Kurtuluş Örgütü

·          PML (RC)

·          TKEP/L

·          Devrimci Karargâh

·         RUIS

·          Bob Crow Brigade

·         Henri Krasucki Brigade

·  Antifascist Internationalist Tabur

·  TKP-Kıvılcım

·  Yekîtî Party

·          Sinjar Resistance Units

·          Euphrates Knights Brigade

 Iraqi Kurdistan

·          Peshmerga (2014)

Military councils:

·         Manbij Military Council

·          al-Bab Military Council

·          Jarabulus Military Council

·          Deir Ezzor Military Council

Armament support:

·          Iraqi Kurdistan

·          Kurdistan Democratic Party (2012–14)

·          Patriotic Union of Kurdistan

·          France

·          United States

·          Russia[250][251]

·          Syria

·          Czech Republic

CJTF-OIR (against ISIL)

·  United States

· United Kingdom

·  France

·          Australia

·          Netherlands

·          Belgium

·          Germany

·          Jordan

Former:[show]

 Russia
(against ISIL and Syrian Opposition)

· Russian Air Force

Notes

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